Illicit Discharge Detection & Elimination
In Anne Arundel County, the storm drain systems are not connected to the sanitary sewer system. The sanitary sewer system carries household wastewater and some permitted industrial wastewater to the wastewater treatment plant, where the wastewater is treated before being discharged into a natural water body.
- What is an illicit discharge?An illicit discharge is the discharge of pollutants or non-stormwater materials into the storm drain system via overland flow, direct dumping, or illicit connections. Illicit connections are pipes or other direct connections that illegally or unknowingly release pollutants or non-storm water materials into a storm drain system or directly into a body of water.
- How does Anne Arundel County detect illicit discharges?Under the NPDES-MS4 Permit, Anne Arundel County is required to implement an Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination (IDDE) Program to ensure that all discharges to and from the municipal storm drain system that are not composed entirely of stormwater are either eliminated or permitted by the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE). The County's IDDE Program consists of several components:
- Field screening of a minimum of 150 storm drain outfalls annually,
- Conducting routine visual surveys of commercial and industrial parcels to find and eliminate pollutant sources,
- Maintaining a program to address illegal dumping and spills,
- Using appropriate enforcement procedures for investigating and eliminating non-permitted discharges,
- Reporting of all illicit discharge detection and elimination activities, and
- Assessment and reporting of damaged or failing storm drain infrastructure.
- The County’s IDDE program uses outfall field screening to locate illegal storm drain connections or other non-permitted dry-weather discharges through the municipal storm sewer systems. Where dry-weather flow from or within the municipal storm drain systems is found, it is tested for contaminants. If contamination is found, the program requires that it be either eliminated or permitted.
Within each area where illicit screening is performed, routine visual surveys are conducted of commercial and industrial drainage areas. Inspectors drive through the commercial and industrial area, visually examining the area for signs of pollution sources. If pollutant sources are present, the site is flagged for further review by the County for possible enforcement action.
- The Anne Arundel County Department of Inspections and Permits (I&P) maintains an inspection and enforcement program to address the discharge of non-natural stormwater into the County municipal storm drain system, which includes illicit dumping and spills. This program is primarily complaint-based with complaints filed by the public, other County inspectors, or other County departments. In the event of a confirmed illicit discharge, spill, or illegal dumping, I&P has the authority to issue a correction notice or, in certain cases, refer the matter to the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) for further review and correction action.
- The Anne Arundel County Department of Health also maintains an inspection and enforcement program for commercial food waste related pollution concerns (e.g. improper outside storage of kitchen grease) as well as non-food related litter and waste concerns.
- What kinds of non-stormwater discharges are allowed into the storm drain system?Discharges which may be allowed and do not significantly contribute to pollution of surface waters when properly managed are:
- Discharges from firefighting activities.
- Discharges from potable water sources not containing chlorine, including dechlorinated water line and fire hydrant flushing.
- Landscape irrigation drainage.
- Discharges from air conditioning condensate.
- Discharges resulting from individual residential car washing.
- Natural springs.
- Diverted stream flows.
- Discharges of uncontaminated water from basement or crawl space sump pumps.
- Discharges of uncontaminated water from foundation or footing drains.
- Flows from riparian habitats and wetlands.
- Discharges from lawn watering.
- Pavement wash waters where spills or leaks of toxic or hazardous materials have not occurred (unless all spill material has been removed) and where detergents are not used.
- Discharges from uncontaminated groundwater.
- Dechlorinated swimming pool discharges. (not including filter backwash)
- How do I report an illicit discharge or other stormwater pollution issue?Illicit discharges cause water pollution by sending pollutants right into our streams, creeks and rivers. To report an illicit discharge, spill, or other environmental violation, call the Anne Arundel County Environmental Hotline at 410-222-7171. In case of emergencies, call 911.
- What can you do to stop the pollution of stormwater?Residents:
Many of our daily activities have the potential to cause stormwater pollution. How you manage your day to day activities and property can determine the quality of our local waterways. Here’s how you can help prevent stormwater pollution around your home.
Routine business activities may negatively impact stormwater due to leaks from equipment and stored materials, improper cleaning practices and over-application of chemicals. It's important that businesses develop "Best Management Practices" to ensure that employees are aware of the proper way to handle and dispose of materials that could have a negative effect on the natural environment. Many industrial businesses are required by the Maryland Department of the Environment to have a Good Housekeeping Plan and/or a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP). A SWPPP is a written document that identifies the industrial activities conducted at the site, including any structural control practices, which the industrial facility operator will implement to prevent pollutants from entering the storm drain system. The SWPPP also must include descriptions of other relevant information, such as the physical features of the facility, and procedures for spill prevention, conducting inspections, and training of employees. The SWPPP is intended to be a “living” document, updated as necessary, such that when industrial activities or stormwater control practices are modified or replaced, the SWPPP is similarly revised to reflect these changes.