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How you can have an attractive landscape that requires minimal watering?
The term Xeriscape comes from the Greek word “Xeros” which means dry. Therefore, xeriscaping is a technique of planning a landscape that conserves water by using plants that are tolerant of heat and dryness. Xeriscape-type landscaping is a package of seven tips for making a landscape more water-efficient. They are:
  • Planning
  • Soil analysis
  • Appropriate plant selection
  • Practical turn areas
  • Efficient irrigation
  • Use of mulches
  • Appropriate maintenance
By using a Xeriscape-type landscape you can reduce your outside water consumption by as much as 50% and save money on your water bill, without sacrificing the beauty of your outside landscaping. You can select from a wide variety of selected trees, shrubs, ground covers, annuals and perennials. Some examples of plants that generally survive well under dry, hot conditions are:
  • Shade trees: Red Maple, Green Ash, Red Oak
  • Evergreen trees: Atlas Cedar, Colorado Blue Spruce
  • Deciduous Shrubs: Red chokeberry, Smoketree, Burning Bush
  • Evergreen Shrubs: Heavenly bamboo, Junipers
  • Herbaceous Plants: Day Lily, Black-Eyed Susan, Silvermound
These are just a few examples of the types of plants that you can use. To learn more about Xeriscaping there are a wide variety of books available at your local library. Also, the University of Maryland has publications on-line under the Home and Garden Information Center. (Documents are in Adobe Acrobat (PDF) Format).
Listed below are some other outside water saving tips for homeowners:
  • Only water the lawn or garden when absolutely necessary
  • Water in the early morning or at dusk to prevent water loss through evaporation
  • Prevent water from sprinklers running off your landscape onto the driveway or sidewalk area
  • Repair all leaky hose connection and sprinkler parts
  • Mow the lawn high (recommended height is 2-3 inches)
  • Mulch all planting beds to reduce water evaporation
  • Prevent rainfall and irrigation water from running into the street. Direct the rainfall into the lawn and garden area

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Anne Arundel County, Maryland. 44 Calvert Street, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 | Tele: (410) 222-7000